Pre Spill Planning Phase
Besides the major benefit of providing guidance during an emergency, developing the plan has other advantages. You may discover unrecognized hazardous conditions that would aggravate an emergency situation and you can work to eliminate them. The planning process may bring to light deficiencies, such as the lack of resources (equipment, trained personnel, supplies), or items that can be rectified before an emergency occurs.
Oil Spill Emergency Response Phase
An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually applied to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters, but spills may also occur on land. Response is an effort to mitigate the impact of an incident on the public and the environment. A large or complex incident will require the cooperation of several agencies.
The post response phase is when lessons learned are recorded. The purpose of lessons learned is to bring together any insights gained during a response that can be usefully applied on future incidents. Lessons learned can make all the difference on future response and help them to succeed, but first, they must be documented correctly.