Preparation and Planning: How is the Risk of an Emergency assessed in the UK ?
The risks the UK faces are continually changing. The government monitors the most significant emergencies that the UK and its citizens could face over the next 5 years through the National Risk Assessment (NRA).
What is the national risk assessment?
This is an assessment, conducted every year, that draws on expertise from a wide range of departments and agencies of government. The National Risk Register (NRR) is the public version of the assessment. The UK’s National Resilience Capabilities Programme (NRCP) aims to increase the capability of the United Kingdom to respond to and recover from emergencies. It achieves this through building capability to deal with the consequences that are most common from different types of emergency, regardless of whether those emergencies are caused by accidents, natural hazards or man-made threats.
What is its purpose?
The NRA and NRR are intended to capture the range of emergencies that might have a major impact on all, or significant parts of, the UK. These are events which could result in significant harm to human welfare, damage to property, essential services and disruption to everyday life. The risks cover 3 categories which are; natural events, major accidents and malicious attacks.
How does risk assessment assist planning?
To assist with national and local planning, the UK government provides a list of the most common consequences coming out of the NRA that cover the maximum scale, duration and impact, that could reasonably be expected to occur as a result of an incident. These consequences are referred to in the National Resilience Planning Assumptions (NRPAs).
How does it consider localised risks?
Risks faced depend on where people live and work. For example, risks such as coastal flooding will be limited to specific parts of the country, while the likelihood and impact of major industrial accidents will depend upon the type of industry in an area. Alongside the national level risk assessments, local tiers are required to produce a specific risk assessment that reflects, as far as possible, the unique characteristics of each area.
When compiling their risk assessments, many organizations will look at previous events. Using this vital information to spot any trends occurring and then build capability to respond. Being able to use your information to discover these trends is the reason [D4H]™ Incident Reporting was created.